Shaving head with sickles and comb hair with guns in Basha
岜沙部落男孩7-16岁时，完成祖上传下来的 “成人仪式”，用镰刀将其四周的头发剃光，梳成“户棍”， 这标志着他的人生进入了独立阶段。
Basha boys will go through the “coming of age ceremony” inherited from their ancestors when they are 7 to 16 years old. They will shave their hair around the rim of the head with a sickle and bundle it into “Hugun”(shaped-like a topknot). This represents their independence in their future lives.
Basha people firmly believe that they are the descendents of Chiyou-mythological warrior engaged in fighting with the Yellow Emperor,
For centuries, they always take their guns with them in order to withstand the beasts and pursuing forces. The guns have already lost the meaning of hunting and self-preservation, but formed the last gunmen tribe in the world.
The custom of hitting glutinous rice cake
There is a custom handed down from their ancestors in Fuzhong village (Miao village) and Zanli village (Dong village), Gaozeng town, Congjiang county. The event of hitting glutinous rice cake will be held on the lunar calendar February 1st, aiming for women so as to make each household get full prepared for the coming spring ploughing. The traditional custom aims to place the hope of “good weather for the crops and a bumper grain harvest” on this land.
“Dong Cloth” is processed with the mixture of dyestuffs extracted from indigoes plus white spirit, juice of cowhide, egg white etc, and dip-dyed over and over again, steamed and dried in the sun, hit with mallets, it’s eco-friendly and healthy. Dong indigo dying is rated as provincial Intangible Culture Heritage.
Duliu River is the mother river of Congjiang, it has bred Congjiang people. Fishing used to be a life-style of Congjiang people, fishing-boats was a tool of making a living. Even now one or two wooden fishing-boats could be seen on the river. The scene of “a hundred barges are vying forward, a thousand sailboats are competing across the river” seems to be vivid in people’s mind.
A loom is made up of main body, two rollers, pedal, heddles, ropes and shuttle etc. It is a representative of national handcraft in minority area. Perhaps it can not embody productivity improvement, but has been evolved into a kind of traditional producing culture.